THE CENTRALIA MASSACRE
My research has found that this Massacre is mentioned in a three volume set titled "The Civil War, a Narrative" by Shelby Foote, copyright 1974, Random House, Inc. In Volume three on page 578-579, Mr. Foote states,
attack on Centralia, fifty miles north of the capital, by a force of about
200 butternut guerillas under William Anderson, who bore and lived up to
his nickname "Bloody Bill." A former lieutenant in William C. Quantrill's
gang, of Lawrence and Fort Baxter fame, he had quarreled with his chief
in Texas and returned to his old stomping ground, near the Missouri-Kansas
border, along with other disaffected members of the band, including George
Todd and David Pool, as well as Frank James and his seventeen-year-old brother
Jesse. Clattering into Centralia at midday, September 27-...they held
up a stagecoach and an arriving train, killed two dozen unarmed soldiers
aboard on furlough, along with two civilians who tried to hide valuables
in their boots, and left hurriedly, with $3000 in greenbacks from the express
car, when three troops of Union cavalry unexpectedly appeared and gave chase.
Three miles out of town, the guerillas turned on their pursuers, who
numbered 147, and shot dead or cut the throats of all but 23 who managed
to escape on fast horses. "From this time forward I ask no quarter and give
none," Anderson had announced on the square in Centralia, and then
proceeded to prove he meant it, first in town and then out on the prairie".
Our company was enlisted in Shelby County, Missouri in August 1864, under Capt. William Glover, for one year's service. Rendezvoused at Hannibal, Mo., and was there organized and mustered into U.S. Service, Sept. 8, 1864. Left Hannibal, Sept. 14th, under Major A. V. E. Johnson, and marched to Paris, Mo.; left Paris on the night of Sept. 26th , in pursuit of the "Bushwhackers" and "Guerrillas" infesting that vicinity, who were under the notorious guerrilla Bill Anderson. As we were advancing near Centralia, we met Anderson's guerrillas in greatly unexpected numbers, Sept. 27, 1864. An engagement ensued and Major Johnson's command was disastrously defeated. The loss of four Sergeants, six Corporals and forty privates, killed on the spot, mournfully attests the sad result of our company. Oct. 4th, marched to Jefferson City, to assist in the defense of that place from the rebel attack under "Old Pap Price." We held position in the extreme front during the fight on the 8th, and until relieved by the retreat of the rebels on the 9th. Oct. 10th embarked and moved up the river to near Booneville, but returned down and disembarked at Providence and marched back to Jefferson City. Oct. 18th, marched to Lamine River, to rebuild the bridge burned by the rebels in their retreat. On Oct. 28th marched to Booneville; Dec. 1st, marched to Glasgow; Dec. 13th, ordered to Nashville, Tenn.; proceeded via Macon City, Mo., Quincy and Sprinfield, Ill., Indianapolis, Ind., Louisville, Ky., and arrived at Nashville, Jan. 1, 1865. The urgency of the occasion being passed, by the rebels under Hood having been whipped by the Union forces under Gen. Thomas, we remained, but four days and were ordered back. Left Nashville, Jan., 4th, and arrived at St. Louis the 8th. At this date March 15, 1865, we were quartered at Benton Barracks, St. Louis, awaiting further orders...
I do not know the date of this document other than it was put together by
the first sergeant after the Civil War was over. As you can see many of the
names are written or spelled incorrect as the author was writing from memory
and he spelled the names as they sounded.
In regards to Company G, in a book titled, "The Shelby County History" indicates of these 51 men, three were returned to Shelby County for burial, the other 48 were buried in a trench by the citizens of Centralia. In 1873 the remains were all taken up and removed to the National Cemetery at Jefferson City, Missouri.
Company G, 39th Missouri Infantry Vols.
Company G, 39th Missouri Infantry Vols.
Capt. William Glover 1st Lieut. Thomas Janes
2d Lieut. Josiah Gill
1st Serg't E.L.C. Hawkins
2d Serg't Charles W. Rust
3d Serg't James H. Carothers
1st John Cleaver 2d Elwood F. Miller
3d John Bartley
The Soldiers of Company G. 39th Infantry
Wm. P. Casey
Charles W. Corkron
James Crissom, recruit
James Q. Gibson (Middle initial should be D.)
Cornelius T. Holliday
John D. Layne
Charles L. Moore
John A. Oldfather
Francis M. Palsgrove
George H. Spease
Wm. J. Skinner
John W. Snawder (Last name later became Snowder)
James H. Stutt
Milby Henry Timmons (Son of Levi D. Timmons)
Lewis J. Wiley
Anson L. Webdell
Hall, Elijah Oct. 11, 1864
Shelton, James Jan. 1, 1865
Williams, Jasper N. Jan. 19, 1863
McKinnon, Theophilus Jan. 29, 1865
* Died as a result of non-combat actions
Killed in Action at Centralia, Missouri on Sept. 27th 1864
Serg't George W. Miller
Serg't William Lair
Serg't David T. Dunn
Serg't John Donahoo
Corp'l Jacob X. Wexler
Corp'l Levi D. Sherwood
Corp'l Leander P. Burt
Corp'l David Riggs
Corp'l James S. Gunby
Corp'l Wm. F. Loar
Adams, George W.
Cirstein, John J. (Last name should be Christine)
Dunbar, Homer M.
Deen, Sylvester N.
Edwards, James S.
Elston, Robert P.
Floor, William G.
Golay, William P.
Gooch, Henry T.
Glahn, Joseph S.
Harden, John W.
Jenkins, Charles M.
Marquette, Louis F.
Mongomery, John C.
Ross, William A.
Spiers, Robert E.
Sellers, James G.
Smith, William T.
Trussell, James W.
Van Osdale, George W.
Vaden, Jasper N.
Van Diver, Algermon
Whitelock, William T.
Mustered into U.S. SERVICE SEPTEMBER 8, 1864 At Hannibal, Missouri
Another stern cold death chill,
With gleaming well aimed dart,
Hath plucked and frosted all the flowers,
In the garden of the heart,
And quickened every pulse anew, with painful fitful start.
Why? Well another seeming staunch built boat,
With fifty souls, from shore,
Goes pushing down life's troubled stream,
Is wrecked-'twill rise no more,
And life's hard fight, with all her crew is now forever o'er.
Yes, another day has left us,
A few short hours are gone,
And fifty warriors brave and true,
Lie dead upon the lawn;
Alas! they'll in the morning miss the glorious burst of dawn.
Well, in the morning, sunbeams
Advanced their hearts around,
At night the owlet's frightful scream,
Had twice its hideous sound,
For fifty of our comrades dear, lay dead upon the ground.
Yes, the morning opened on us bright,
And near us sang a lark,
But our dear boys when came the night,
Lay motionless and stark,
And not a bright ray to the heart, came through the gloomy dark.
Everyone who uses this page should say Thank You to T J Bynum who let us borrow this information for Shelby Co. Thanks T J!!
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